#> Loading required package: ggplot2
#> Registered S3 method overwritten by 'GGally':
#>   method from   
#>   ggplot2


The purpose of this function is to quickly plot the coefficients of a model. It is an updated and improved version of GGally::ggcoef() based on broom.helpers::tidy_plus_plus(). For displaying a nicely formatted table of the same models, look at gtsummary::tbl_regression().

Quick coefficients plot

To work automatically, this function requires the broom.helpers package. Simply call ggcoef_model() with a model object. It could be the result of stats::lm, stats::glm or any other model covered by broom.helpers1.

data(tips, package = "reshape")
mod_simple <- lm(tip ~ day + time + total_bill, data = tips)

In the case of a logistic regression (or any other model for which coefficients are usually exponentiated), simply indicated exponentiate = TRUE. Note that a logarithmic scale will be used for the x-axis.

d_titanic <-
d_titanic$Survived <- factor(d_titanic$Survived, c("No", "Yes"))
mod_titanic <- glm(
  Survived ~ Sex * Age + Class,
  weights = Freq,
  data = d_titanic,
  family = binomial
ggcoef_model(mod_titanic, exponentiate = TRUE)

Customizing the plot

Variable labels

You can use the labelled package to define variable labels. They will be automatically used by ggcoef_model(). Note that variable labels should be defined before computing the model.

tips_labelled <- tips %>%
    day = "Day of the week",
    time = "Lunch or Dinner",
    total_bill = "Bill's total"
mod_labelled <- lm(tip ~ day + time + total_bill, data = tips_labelled)

You can also define custom variable labels directly by passing a named vector to the variable_labels option.

  variable_labels = c(
    day = "Week day",
    time = "Time (lunch or dinner ?)",
    total_bill = "Total of the bill"

If variable labels are to long, you can pass ggplot2::label_wrap_gen() or any other labeller function to facet_labeller.

  variable_labels = c(
    day = "Week day",
    time = "Time (lunch or dinner ?)",
    total_bill = "Total of the bill"
  facet_labeller = label_wrap_gen(10)

Use facet_row = NULL to hide variable names.

ggcoef_model(mod_simple, facet_row = NULL, colour_guide = TRUE)

Term labels

Several options allows you to customize term labels.

ggcoef_model(mod_titanic, exponentiate = TRUE)

    exponentiate = TRUE,
    show_p_values = FALSE,
    signif_stars = FALSE,
    add_reference_rows = FALSE,
    categorical_terms_pattern = "{level} (ref: {reference_level})",
    interaction_sep = " x "
  ) +
  scale_y_discrete(labels = scales::label_wrap(15))
#> Scale for 'y' is already present. Adding another scale for 'y', which will
#> replace the existing scale.

By default, for categorical variables using treatment and sum contrasts, reference rows will be added and displayed on the graph.

mod_titanic2 <- glm(
  Survived ~ Sex * Age + Class,
  weights = Freq,
  data = d_titanic,
  family = binomial,
  contrasts = list(Sex = contr.sum, Class = contr.treatment(4, base = 3))
ggcoef_model(mod_titanic2, exponentiate = TRUE)
#> Loading required namespace: emmeans

Continuous variables with polynomial terms defined with stats::poly() are also properly managed.

mod_poly <- lm(Sepal.Length ~ poly(Petal.Width, 3) + Petal.Length, data = iris)

Use no_reference_row to indicate which variables should not have a reference row added.

  mod_titanic2, exponentiate = TRUE,
  no_reference_row = "Sex"

  mod_titanic2, exponentiate = TRUE,
  no_reference_row = broom.helpers::all_dichotomous()

  mod_titanic2, exponentiate = TRUE,
  no_reference_row = broom.helpers::all_categorical(),
  categorical_terms_pattern = "{level}/{reference_level}"

Elements to display

Use intercept = TRUE to display intercepts.

ggcoef_model(mod_simple, intercept = TRUE)

You can remove confidence intervals with = FALSE.

ggcoef_model(mod_simple, = FALSE)

By default, significant terms (i.e. with a p-value below 5%) are highlighted using two types of dots. You can control the level of significance with significance or remove it with significance = NULL.

ggcoef_model(mod_simple, significance = NULL)

By default, dots are colored by variable. You can deactivate this behavior with colour = NULL.

ggcoef_model(mod_simple, colour = NULL)

You can display only a subset of terms with include.

ggcoef_model(mod_simple, include = c("time", "total_bill"))

It is possible to use tidyselect helpers.

ggcoef_model(mod_simple, include = dplyr::starts_with("t"))

You can remove stripped rows with stripped_rows = FALSE.

ggcoef_model(mod_simple, stripped_rows = FALSE)

Do not hesitate to consult the help file of ggcoef_model() to see all available options.

ggplot2 elements

The plot returned by ggcoef_model() is a classic ggplot2 plot. You can therefore apply ggplot2 functions to it.

ggcoef_model(mod_simple) +
  xlab("Coefficients") +
  ggtitle("Custom title") +
  scale_color_brewer(palette = "Set1") +
  theme(legend.position = "right")
#> Scale for 'colour' is already present. Adding another scale for 'colour',
#> which will replace the existing scale.

Multinomial models

For multinomial models, simply use ggcoef_multinom(). Two types of visualizations are available: "dodged" and "faceted".

mod <- multinom(happy ~ age + degree + sex, data = happy, trace = FALSE)
ggcoef_multinom(mod, exponentiate = TRUE)

ggcoef_multinom(mod, exponentiate = TRUE, type = "faceted")

  mod, exponentiate = TRUE,
  y.level = c(
      "pretty happy" = "pretty happy\n(ref: not too happy)",
      "very happy" = "very happy"

Comparing several models

You can easily compare several models with ggcoef_compare().

mod1 <- lm(Fertility ~ ., data = swiss)
mod2 <- step(mod1, trace = 0)
mod3 <- lm(Fertility ~ Agriculture + Education * Catholic, data = swiss)
models <- list("Full model" = mod1, "Simplified model" = mod2, "With interaction" = mod3)


ggcoef_compare(models, type = "faceted")

Advanced users

Advanced users could use their own dataset and pass it to ggcoef_plot(). Such dataset could be produced by ggcoef_model(), ggcoef_compare() or ggcoef_multinom() with the option return_data = TRUE or by using broom::tidy() or broom.helpers::tidy_plus_plus().